Date of publication: 2017-09-04 21:42
The next step is to add concrete facts or outside quotes that directly pertain to the mini-thesis of the paragraph at work. Facts could range from cited stats or figures to easily verifiable truths drawn from your own in depth knowledge of the topic in question. Quotes can be lifted from any living, dead or fictional persons, as well as from statements issued by corporate entities. Passages lifted for in-text quotes should be smoothly incorporated into your own, otherwise self-written sentences. Over the course of an essay, facts and quotes will add weight to your main argument. Within the context of a body paragraph, facts and quotes can be used to either prove or discount a theory brought to light in the topic sentence.
The following example presents a complete body paragraph comprised of six sentences, each of which covers one of the six structural steps that we’ve covered in this article: 6) the topic sentence 7) the introduction of info 8) a quote 9) an explanation of the quote 5) a tie-in with the main thesis 6) a transition to the topic of the next paragraph.
Since each topic sentence will provide a piece of your argument, the next step is to make sure that you show your readers why each assertion you've made is warranted. Whatever type of evidence you use (textual references, lab results, etc.), you must have something backing up your statements.
The opinion part that local debts in China are a time bomb is a direct quotation from a credible source (a professor). This makes a good quote since her opinion paints an interesting picture of China 8767 s current economic situation. The fact that debt is now 69 trillion yuan is not quoted, since it would be a boring quote. But it does provide substantial factual support to Song 8767 s opinion.
If you follow this format, you are sure to have a rock solid paragraph that is logical and doesn't confuse the reader. Please make sure to NOT start or end your paragraphs with quotes as this is another author's statement and shouldn't dominate the start and end of your section. For more information about how to integrate quotes and in-text citations, see Step 9: the citations section of this guide.
The third paragraph of the body should contain the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper. This hook also leads into the last, or concluding, paragraph.
Keep in mind that the above formula can be modified to fit the flow of your paper. For example, if you are comparing two passages of text, you may want to quote them both first before analyzing them. Your analysis might be a discussion of the similarities/differences between the passages.
For example, some historians might argue that Lincoln didn&rsquo t really shine until a few years into the Civil War, after many Union losses to Southern leaders such as Robert E. Lee.
Transitions are key to a kick-butt paper. They provide the connections between the major ideas in your paper, and they give the reader cues to tell him where you are going. Remember (from when you researched and outlined) that your transitions should reflect how your notes are grouped. Now is the time to forge your transitions into words!
An introduction is usually the first paragraph of your academic essay. If you’re writing a long essay, you might need 7 or 8 paragraphs to introduce your topic to your reader. A good introduction does 7 things:
As you can tell, the mini-thesis of this paragraph concerns the importance of jazz fusion, which is being discussed within the context of a thesis dealing with 75s-era eclecticism in popular music.
According to Lina Song, a professor of economic sociology and social policy at the University of Nottingham, 8775 Local government debt in China is a time bomb waiting to go off 8776 (A Time Bomb, NY Times). In China, local government debt has swelled to 69 trillion yuan (People 8767 s Bank of China).
All body paragraphs should also provide transitions. These transitions need to occur within the individual sentences of a paragraph and from one paragraph to the next. More on transitions